Without the braking system, automotive vehicles would be catastrophically dangerous. Maintaining your braking system is essential for a safe driving experience, not to mention a smoother ride. We go over everything there is to know about brakes, the different types, and when they are due for changing. A braking system in a car is made up of numerous linkages and components such as brake lines or mechanical linkages, brake drums or discs, master cylinders or fulcrums, and so on. These are placed in such a way that they convert the vehicle’s kinetic energy into thermal energy, causing the vehicle to stop or decelerate. The frictional force created by the frictional contact between brake shoes and the moving drum or disc of a braking system is a consequence of kinetic energy conversion into thermal energy. A vehicle braking system is required in an automobile to stop a moving vehicle, decelerate a moving vehicle, park a car safely on a flat surface or on a slope, and as a safety precaution; finally, to prevent vehicle from any serious damage during various road conditions including minor and major accidents. There are many distinct types of braking systems, each of which is categorised according to the demands and functions of a motor vehicle. The power source that transmits the driver’s brake pedal force to the ultimate brake drum or brake disc, allowing the vehicle to decelerate or stop. There are six different types of braking systems: mechanical, hydraulic, air or pneumatic, vacuum, magnetic, and electric. The ultimate friction contact between both the rotating brake pads is based on this. Internal expansion brakes and exterior contracting brakes are the two types. There are two types of brake application methods: foot and hand. Single and dual actuating brakes are also available.